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A ROSENWALD
                SCHOOL

Members of the historically black Pine Grove community in Cumberland County, Virginia wanted to have a school built for their children as part of the school building program initiated by renown educator, Dr. Booker T. Washington of Tuskegee Institute, and Philanthropist, Julius Rosenwald of Sears Roebuck Company. The two men envisioned schools being built by black residents, for black students in collaboration with counties, municipalities, and the Rosenwald fund.

Above the Clouds

WHAT IS A 
ROSENWALD
SCHOOL?

Black citizens petitioned Cumberland County to build a school for their children with the understanding that they could secure the land on which to build, and contribute a sizable amount towards building it. Four acres of land was deeded to the County in 1916, by William and Olivia Miller, and sufficient funds were raised ($1,000 from the County probably from taxes, $500 from African-American residents, and $50 from the Rosenwald Fund). Pine Grove School, built on the two-room Rosenwald Community School Plan, was erected in time to receive its first pupils in the Fall of 1917. The school operated continuously for over 40 years, as the only institution for educating the Black children in the segregated Pine Grove community.

AMMD Pine Grove Project stands on the shoulders of a dynamic group of Black Pine Grove residents who, in 1964, rescued Pine Grove School from auction by the County when all of the Rosenwald Schools closed due to desegregation. Founded by Mr. Robert L. Scales, Pine Grove Community repurposed the school as a community center hub well into the 1990s.

Pine Grove Teachers

1924-1925
Ms. Beatrice Daniel
Ms. Marguerite S Washington

1925-1926
No Record

1926-1927
Ms. Mary Gilliam
Ms. Pearl Washington

 

1927-1928

Ms. Ethel R Smith

1928-1929

Ms. Martha Parker 

Mrs. Mary E. Gilliam

 

1929-1930

Mrs. Mary E. Gilliam 

Mrs. Mary G. Parker

1930-1931
Mrs. Aurellia Fleming
Ms. Beatrice Fleming

1931-1932
Mrs. Mary E. Gilliam

1932-1933
Mr. Harrison Fuller 

1933-1935 
Mrs. Mary E. Gilliam 
Mr. B.L. Bezeman 

1935-1936 
Mrs. Mary Gilliam 
Mr. Robert C. Scott

WHERE WE WORK.

Building a Rosenwald Network 

1936-1942
Mrs. Ella Thomas
Ms. Kate Brown Booker

1942-1954
Mrs. Mary E. Gilliam

1954-1955
Mrs. Betty C. Scales

1955-1956
Mrs. Aretha Thornton (Miller)

1956-1964
Mrs. Betty C. Scales

Pine Grove Class_1940s.jpeg

ACT NOW!

Protecting Virginia's Most Endangered Institution